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Inexact graph matching : application to 2D and 3D Pattern Recognition

Kamel Madi 1, 2 
Abstract : Graphs are powerful mathematical modeling tools used in various fields of computer science, in particular, in Pattern Recognition. Graph matching is the main operation in Pattern Recognition using graph-based approach. Finding solutions to the problem of graph matching that ensure optimality in terms of accuracy and time complexity is a difficult research challenge and a topical issue. In this thesis, we investigate the resolution of this problem in two fields: 2D and 3D Pattern Recognition. Firstly, we address the problem of geometric graphs matching and its applications on 2D Pattern Recognition. Kite (archaeological structures) recognition in satellite images is the main application considered in this first part. We present a complete graph based framework for Kite recognition on satellite images. We propose mainly two contributions. The first one is an automatic process transforming Kites from real images into graphs and a process of generating randomly synthetic Kite graphs. This allowing to construct a benchmark of Kite graphs (real and synthetic) structured in different level of deformations. The second contribution in this part, is the proposition of a new graph similarity measure adapted to geometric graphs and consequently for Kite graphs. The proposed approach combines graph invariants with a geometric graph edit distance computation. Secondly, we address the problem of deformable 3D objects recognition, represented by graphs, i.e., triangular tessellations. We propose a new decomposition of triangular tessellations into a set of substructures that we call triangle-stars. Based on this new decomposition, we propose a new algorithm of graph matching to measure the distance between triangular tessellations. The proposed algorithm offers a better measure by assuring a minimum number of triangle-stars covering a larger neighbourhood, and uses a set of descriptors which are invariant or at least oblivious under most common deformations. Finally, we propose a more general graph matching approach founded on a new formalization based on the stable marriage problem. The proposed approach is optimal in term of execution time, i.e. the time complexity is quadratic O(n2) and flexible in term of applicability (2D and 3D). The analyze of the time complexity of the proposed algorithms and the extensive experiments conducted on Kite graph data sets (real and synthetic) and standard data sets (2D and 3D) attest the effectiveness, the high performance and accuracy of the proposed approaches and show that the proposed approaches are extensible and quite general
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 21, 2017 - 3:56:06 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:34:15 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01493118, version 1


Kamel Madi. Inexact graph matching : application to 2D and 3D Pattern Recognition. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition [cs.CV]. Université de Lyon, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE1315⟩. ⟨tel-01493118⟩



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