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Theses

Réponses de plantes aquatiques invasives au réchauffement climatique

Abstract : Climatic models predict a rise of globale surface temperature about 1 to 4°C by 2100. Climate modifications generated by this warming might favor biological invasions. The general objectif of this thesis was to explore the impacts of climate warming and climate change on four macrophytes invasive in Europe. This work focused on germination, growth, physiology and distribution of these species, through experiments in controlled conditions, in experimental garden and by using species distribution models. We showed that i) higher temperatures favor moderately the germination capacity of Ludwigia hexapetala and Ludwigia peploides subsp. montevidensis, decrease the seedlings survivorship but improve their biomass production, ii) the effect of increased temperature on macrophytes depends on the season, iii) a 3°C warming can modify metabolism without generating changes on the growth, iv) the water primroses L. hexapetala is the only species that showed both better apical and lateral growth when facing a warming, v) models predict an increase of the distribution surface of Ludwigia spp., Myriophyllum aquaticum and E. densa in their invasive ranges, and a decrease of their distribution area in the other continents, including their native range. This thesis offer a better understanding of climate changes consequences on invasive macrophytes in order to anticipate their futur colonisation potential.
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Morgane Gillard. Réponses de plantes aquatiques invasives au réchauffement climatique. Sciences agricoles. Université Rennes 1, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016REN1B014⟩. ⟨tel-01493116⟩

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