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Theses

Security of micro-controllers : From smart cards to mobile devices

Abstract : Nowadays, in order to provide secure, reliable and performant services (e.g: mobile payments, agenda, telecommunication, videos, games, etc.), smartphones embed three different micro-controllers. From the most secure to the most general purpose one, we have the SIM card which is a secure smart card that has to prevent anyone by any means to exfiltrate sensitive assets from its internal memories. Furthermore, we also have the baseband processor, which is the only one that directly talks with the SIM card. It essentially manages all the "phone" parts (e.g: GSM/3G/4G/LTE networks) inside a mobile device. Finally, we have the application processor which runs all the general user applications. What is interesting to note for those three micro-controllers is that they are controlled by different and independent operating systems. However, one may affect the behavior of the other(s). The security of these three platforms depend on their hardware and software implementations. This thesis is concerned with the security of these three microcontrollers that are managed by independent OSs within mobile devices. We particularly focused on understanding to what extent a smart card such as SIM cards can be resistant to software attacks in the context of a multi-application environment provided by mobile devices. We were also interested in a specific family of, so-called cache attacks, namely time-driven one, as this kind of technique essentially exploits the hardware implementation of the different cache memories and the mechanisms that enable to manage them. We decided to first study and experimentally perform so-called logical attacks on smart cards. In a second step, in order to understand the attack surface, we have studied the different means to reach the SIM card from both the baseband processor and the application processor. Then, by means of reverse engineering, we tried to understand how was implemented the SIM interface from the baseband side. Finally, we have studied the cache effects on the execution speed of a program on real mobile devices, and we experimentally studied Bernstein’s time-driven cache attack in order to understand what possible events/mechanisms exacerbate (or not) the achievement of the latter on an actual mobile device.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 20, 2017 - 4:56:21 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01492971, version 1

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Tiana Razafindralambo. Security of micro-controllers : From smart cards to mobile devices. Embedded Systems. Université de Limoges, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LIMO0087⟩. ⟨tel-01492971⟩

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