Ab initio theory of ferromagnetic transition metals and alloys under high pressure

Abstract : The subject of the present thesis is the investigation of magnetic properties of transition metals and their alloys under high pressure by means of first-principles calculations. First, the results of the K-edge x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments on Ni and Co are interpreted. It is shown that the experimental pressure evolution of the data should be compared with that of the p-projected orbital magnetization. I emphasize that the spin and orbital moments have different behavior upon compression. In the case of FeCo alloy the structural transition occurs under the pressure of 35 GPa. I propose that the emergence of antiferromagnetism can explain the disappearance of the XMCD signal at the Fe and Co K-edges. Then, the phase transformation in FePd3 , induced under pressure of 12 GPa, is investigated. I demonstrate that the system is described by an extended Heisenberg model, containing strong biquadratic exchange interactions. According to the results, FePd3 undergoes a transition from the ferromagnetic to the noncollinear triple-Q state when compressed. Finally, the implementation of the stress tensor in the BigDFT software package is presented. It is shown that an explicit treatment of core electrons can considerably reduce the errors introduced by the pseudopotentials. Thus the estimates of the structural properties can be improved.
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Yaroslav Kvashnin. Ab initio theory of ferromagnetic transition metals and alloys under high pressure. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université de Grenoble, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENY032⟩. ⟨tel-01492946⟩

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