Higgs sector characterization and aspects of the flavor puzzle

Abstract : The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics stands as the most successful description of the fundamental interactions between elementary particles. The discovery of a Higgs boson, at a mass of 125 GeV, in July 2012 at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), marked its ultimate confirmation. However, various observational and theoretical problems lie in the heart of the SM, with the majority of them linked to the Higgs sector. Being a scalar, the Higgs boson is subject to very large radiative corrections and this ultimately leads to the electroweak hierarchy problem. One of the main goals of the LHC program is to precisely probe the Higgs sector, in order to characterize the mechanism at the origin of the breaking of the electroweak symmetry and test possible solutions to the hierarchy problem. The Higgs sector is also responsible for the generation of the fermion masses, as it induces the Yukawa couplings. The SM flavor sector is highly hierarchical and this leads to flavor puzzles in theories beyond the SM.The first part of this thesis is dedicated to the precise characterization of the Higgs sector. In particular, the public tool Lilith is presented, which allows to derive constraints on new physics models based on the Higgs measurements at colliders. It is then used to perform global fits of the Higgs couplings in the context of various scenarios. In the second part, the phenomenology of two-Higgs-doublet models is studied in the light of the results from the first run of the LHC. The so-called alignment limit is explored in detail, as well as the possible presence of light scalar states. Finally, in the last part of this thesis, the Minimal Flavor Violation hypothesis is introduced as a possible solution to the flavor puzzles beyond the SM. Enforcing it in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the renormalisation group evolution of the baryonic R-parity violating couplings is then studied in detail.
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Jérémy Bernon. Higgs sector characterization and aspects of the flavor puzzle. High Energy Physics - Theory [hep-th]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAY020⟩. ⟨tel-01491339⟩

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