Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Formes et enjeux sociotechniques du périurbain durable : comparaison de Bimby et du New Urbanism

Abstract : This doctoral research aims to understand how different priorities and actions in the process of suburban renewal can change the ways suburbs are built. Sustainable development, which has increasingly gained acceptance in various venues of public thought and action, has recently entailed the reconsideration of suburban models. In this context, we compare two recent professional practices from France and the United States — Bimby and New Urbanism — that reconfigure the ways suburbs are designed and built. To substantiate this premise we have organized our demonstration in three steps. First, we observe that these two professional practices lead to an effective evolution of urban and architectural forms, and through the sociotechnical lens that examines the interaction between the structures of society and the human behavior of the residents we show that beyond this evolution of urban types and patterns, Bimby and New Urbanism both require a diversity of stakeholders that is beneficial to the design and delivery of an urban project. Then, we present and analyze both processes of the design charrette and micro-conception through which New Urbanism and Bimby expect to formulate better solutions, according to the needs of public and private stakeholders and participants. This enables us to evaluate the level of influence of participants on the whole project. Finally, the comparison allows us to characterize the concepts, processes and delivery mechanisms through which the stakeholders involved can create and follow a sustainable vision of suburban developments. We explain the meanings of specialist terms such as co-conception and coproduction as ways of involving diverse groups of stakeholders and residents before, during and after the conventional systems of suburban development. Our results more specifically include the conceptual models of Bimby and the New Urbanism, as models of sustainable suburb production and of suburban renewal.
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01490217
Contributor : ABES STAR :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 9:35:06 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 9:42:32 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, June 16, 2017 - 1:14:30 PM

File

VIGNERON_2016_diffusion.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01490217, version 1

Collections

UGA | STAR | C-C | AE-CC

Citation

Rémy Vigneron. Formes et enjeux sociotechniques du périurbain durable : comparaison de Bimby et du New Urbanism. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAH017⟩. ⟨tel-01490217⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

662

Files downloads

462