Development of the NCI method : high performance optimization and visualization

Abstract : Non-covalent interactions are of paramount importance in chemistry. Interactions between a catalyst and its substrate, self-assembly of nanomaterials, enantiomer production and many other chemical reactions, are most of the time non-covalent in nature. They are also fundamental for crystallographic analysis, since they set up the scenario for molecular crystallization, whose guiding rules are still a fruitful filed of research. Non-covalent interactions are frequently visualized using distance dependent contacts, generally without consideration of hydrogen atoms. Most of these interactions are usually identified by the use of tabulated van der Waals radii, which are not flexible enough to reveal the interplay with the environment. New approaches, based on 3D functions that can be derived either form experiment or computation (e.g. the electro density) are now widely used to identify and visualize non-covalent interactions. In this thesis we analyse the NCI method, and namely, its main ingredient, the reduced density gradient. Its capabilities for visualizing chemical interactions are examined. This 3D function is then, connected with the kinetic energy density and a interpretation of the reduced density gradient in terms of the bosonic behaviour of the electronic system is presented. Then, the NCI method is applied to visualise and analyse chemical interactions: from covalent to non-covalent interactions. The chemical reactivity is also addressed. The NCI method is applied to rationalised the outcome of several reactions.
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Roberto Alvarez Boto. Development of the NCI method : high performance optimization and visualization. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066220⟩. ⟨tel-01490183⟩

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