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Approche psycho-physiologique de la blessure chez les sapeurs-pompiers

Abstract : Daily tasks of firefighters may induce significant musculoskeletal constraints, cardiovascular risks, burnout and injuries. The aim of this doctoral work was to characterize the specific injuries of French firefighters, and to analyze influence of physical activity (PA), burnout, coping strategies, personality traits, and achievement goal in this injury occurrence. We hypothesize that injuries of French firefighters would be explained by both psychological and physiological factors. Through four experimental studies, the main results indicate that ankle sprain is the major injury in this population. Although SP missions are dangerous and varied, paradoxically injuries occur during the hours of PA practice in day guard. In addition, the total number of hours AP practiced per week is associated with injury. We also observed that the performances achieved in the Y-balance test, the "weight bearing lunge test" are predictive of ankle sprains. Although our investigations have highlighted that the injury was caused by psychological (e.g., burnout) and physiological factors, practicing sessions of AP is compulsory and required in this job, and paradoxically remains the largest provider of occupational incident
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01489253
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 14, 2017 - 12:38:06 PM
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2016AZUR4132.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-01489253, version 1

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Jérôme Vaulerin. Approche psycho-physiologique de la blessure chez les sapeurs-pompiers. Education. COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015 - 2019), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016AZUR4132⟩. ⟨tel-01489253⟩

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