La fabrique des "nouvelles images" : l’émergence des images de synthèse en France dans la création audiovisuelle (1968-1989)

Abstract : Between the first PhD in computer graphics (defended in 1968) and the first entirely synthetic advertisement broadcast on television (1983), computer-generated images became “new images”. The aim is not to assess these so-called new images according to their distinctive qualities of rupture or continuity, as the expression would suggest, but rather to study their mode of production and representation in order to determine what they show from the techniques employed, and the imaginative worlds that they convey at the time of the emergence of digital images, like so many creative suggestions but also ideological issues. Studied first from a technical, then from an aesthetic point of view, thanks to the cross-study of testimonies, grey literature and a formal analysis of the movies, these productions show a process of recovery of the medium, before and after the image. This PhD not only defines an “official” history of computer-generated images in France, replacing as precisely as possible the productions in their technical, political and cultural environment, but it also reveals when computer-generated images are innovating products, from their places of fabrication to their places of legitimacy. The conclusions question the different local circulations of people, tools and images, at a time when the cultural policies of the year 1981 promotes the bond between art and computer, and the indiscipline of creations.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 14, 2017 - 9:45:06 AM
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Cécile Welker. La fabrique des "nouvelles images" : l’émergence des images de synthèse en France dans la création audiovisuelle (1968-1989). Art et histoire de l'art. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCA116⟩. ⟨tel-01488940⟩

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