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Variabilité des performances de bétons de chanvre en fonction des caractéristiques de la chènevotte produite en Auvergne

Abstract : The origins of the variability of hemp concrete material properties are numerous. They include among others those related to the properties of its constituents and material itself as well as the methods used for their characterizations. This thesis is interested in the study of the variability of hemp concrete properties taking into account these different parameters and in particular the type of hemp particles used. The litterature review corried out allowed to present the hemp concrete material, the properties of its constituents, their methods of characterization and also the extend of properties variability and sensitivity due to various parameters. Furthermore, it allowed to identify the parameters to be considered in the context of this thesis. Therefore, this thesis is devided into four chapters in addition to the literature review. In the second chapter, a multi-criteria study on the properties of hemp particles is presented. After an experimental study of characterization for 13 types of hemp particles, a two level analysis of result is performed. It takes into account the density, water absorption capacity and particle size distributions. First, the results of the single characteristic study are presented; it is about a comparison of a given characterstic for all hemp particles at the same time. Secondly, the results of the multi-criteria study are presented. In this last case, the analysis is corried out by taking into account all hemp particles and characteristics, both at the same time. The outcome of this study allowed to classify hemp particles into three groups from which, low, medium and high mechanical peformances are expected, respectively. Chapter 3 is a preliminary study taking into account various parameters as sources of variability for hemp concrete properties, such as the testing laboratory (equipments), the batch, the specimen size and hemp particles type. The obtained results highlight the need for further investigations about the impact of hemp particles type. Moreover, the considerable dispersion in the results of Young’s modulus is likely associated with its calculation method. It then becomes important to deepen the study of its impact on the values of Young’s modulus obtained. The chapter 4 aims to answer the problem found on the method for calculating the Young’s modulus. Various methods from literature are used to analyse the stress-strain curves from samples manufactured under the same conditions. The variability observed in results with respect to used method allowed to highlight their impact and to provide the floating method as the most pertinent since it presents less variability. In addition, a model to describe the mechanical behavior law of hemp concrete is proposed. It allows to determine the enveloppe curve which corresponds to experimental curve from the monotonic loading. It can also allow to reproduce the experimental curve from a cyclic loading. In the last chapter, based on the results of chapter 2, nine types of hemp particles were selected for the preparation and manufacturing of specimens of the study. Under the same conditions (manufacturing and test), it has been demonstrated experimentally the impact of hemp particles on mechanical properties with a factor 10 between low and high values from obtained results. The mechanical response characterized by low (<5%), medium (>5% and <8%) and high (> 8% and <20%) level of deformation have been highlighted. These variabilities remain, however less marked for thermal conductivity and density of hemp concrete material.This study highlights the interest of a comprehensive study on the interaction binder/hemp particles for a better understanding of the impact of hemp particles on hemp concrete.
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César Niyigena. Variabilité des performances de bétons de chanvre en fonction des caractéristiques de la chènevotte produite en Auvergne. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016CLF22700⟩. ⟨tel-01487057⟩

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