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Theses

Effet dwell : relation microstructure-microtexture-propriétés mécaniques de l'alliage de titane Ti6242

Abstract : Thanks to their extremely attractive specific mechanical properties, titanium alloys are widely used, especially for aerospace applications. However, a “dwell-effect” may sometimes be observed, reducing the lifetime of some critical jet engine components. This phenomenon occurs under specific conditions combining cyclic (fatigue) and static (creep) loading at near ambient temperature and can lead to an early failure. Though many studies have investigated this problem, its physical and mechanical origin remains poorly understood.The aim of the present work was to analyse the deformation and damage mechanisms under dwell loading at different scales, and in relation with the microstructure of a fully lamellar Ti6242 alloy. Particular arrangements of colonies, so-called “feather-like structures”, have been identified as the origin of the failure under dwell conditions. Their morphological and crystallographic characteristics have been analysed by various optical and scanning electron microscopy means. A dedicated image analysis tool based on the fast Fourier transform has been developed to localize and quantify the feather-like structures at the scale of a jet engine component. A mechanical testing campaign demonstrated the dwell-effects consequence on the lifetime until failure. Furthermore, tensile, creep and dwell tests have been carried out in situ under the microscope on “microsamples” bearing gauges. They enabled a better understanding of the elementary deformation processes associated to the feather-like structures and how these structures lead to strain field heterogeneities favouring crack initiation.
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Immanuel Freiherr von Thungen. Effet dwell : relation microstructure-microtexture-propriétés mécaniques de l'alliage de titane Ti6242. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ESMA0027⟩. ⟨tel-01486574⟩

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