Life-cycle assessment of 3rd-generation organic photovoltaic systems : developing a framework for studying the benefits and risks of emerging technologies

Abstract : Organic photovoltaics present an emerging technology with significant potential for increasing the resource efficiencies and reducing the environmental and human health hazards of photovoltaic devices. The discipline of life-cycle assessment is applied to assess how various prospective manufacturing routes, device characteristics, uses and disposal options of organic photovoltaics influences these potential advantages. The results of this assessment are further compared to silicon based photovoltaics as a benchmark for performance. A deeper look is given to the potential human health impacts of the use of engineered nanomaterials in organic photovoltaics and the appropriateness of life-cycle assessment to evaluate this impact criteria. A newly developed life-cycle impact assessment model is presented to demonstrate whether the use of and potential hazards posed by engineered nanomaterials outweighs any of the resource efficiencies and advantages organic photovoltaics possess over silicon photovoltaics.
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Michael Tsang. Life-cycle assessment of 3rd-generation organic photovoltaic systems : developing a framework for studying the benefits and risks of emerging technologies. Analytical chemistry. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0331⟩. ⟨tel-01485786⟩

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