Analyse des besoins et accompagnement des conjoints de personnes jeunes avec une maladie d'Alzheimer

Abstract : This thesis aims to identify needs and difficulties of the spouse caregivers of persons with dementia. We also investigate similarities and specificities related to the caregiving situation regarding the age atonset of the disease.The first axis examines the experience of couples in which one member received a diagnosis of earlyon setdementia. The results show an evolution in the relation to knowledge of the caregivers and the persons with dementia. They oscillate between the need to understand the changes caused by the disease and a distancing after the diagnosis. Moreover, with the progression of the disease, the caregivers are not able to adapt their level of assistance, which increases tensions between the two partners. The two studies of the second axis aim to compare needs and coping strategies of spouse caregivers of persons with early and late onset dementia. The majority of needs and strategies are the same for all spouse caregivers. However, the spouse caregivers of persons with early-onset dementia express the greatest number of needs related to maintaining contacts, more need of adapted care structures and more need to be assisted in administrative procedures. The spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia use more humor, re-arranging, and getting away from the entourage. The third axis investigates the influence of the characteristics of the caregiving context on spousal caregiver distress with a structural modelisation. The sittings of this general model were compared regarding the age at onset of the disease and the gender of caregiver. This study demonstrated that 4 factors contribute to spousal caregiver distress: preparedness, family support, self-rated health and the quality of the couple relationship. Dyadic determinants were more important for caregivers of PEOD. The analysis of these results permits to specify the content of support for a common core and specific modules depending on the age at onset of the disease.
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Emilie Wawrziczny. Analyse des besoins et accompagnement des conjoints de personnes jeunes avec une maladie d'Alzheimer. Philosophie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL30030⟩. ⟨tel-01485324⟩

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