Le droit de l'urbanisme et la ségrégation urbaine

Abstract : The order and disorder. This simple phrase sums up the evolution of the Urban Planning Law. Once ambitious, sometimes abstruse but still clear on its objectives, effective, this right has become talkative, messy, and incoherent. The purpose of our research was to understand this relaxation which does not seem to end. To do that, we had to identify the main theme of the discipline : the fight against urban segregation. The L.O.V., as well as the S.R.U. and A.L.U.R. laws confirmed it. The study to fight urban segregation with the urban planning law requires to be addressed under different approaches. The first is very chronological, and refers us to the legal beginning of the material, at the time of the creation of the urban order, which never ceased to grow and develop. It later took us to the criticism of this order, then to its slow dismantling, destruction, and its replacement. It led us finally to the point where masks fell, illusions were dispelled and urban distress appeared ; the moment where public authorities seemed to give credit to what Henri Bergson once said : “Mess is simply the order we do not search for”. This admission of failure was the starting point of our second approach. This obscure right continues to live against winds and waves. The study of treatments of urban segregation illuminates a reality, Governments have focused their attention on cities, and have left out the “peripheral France”. This explains both why this right has maintained so far and is condemned at the same time.
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Vincent Bicini. Le droit de l'urbanisme et la ségrégation urbaine. Droit. Université Côte d'Azur, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016AZUR0026⟩. ⟨tel-01483766⟩

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