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Mobilité quotidienne et stratégies d’adaptation spatio-temporelles des ménages : une approche comparée des espaces transfrontaliers et non frontaliers des métropoles luxembourgeoises et grenobloises

Abstract : The dominant residential model frequently implies living at a distance from the workplace. Economists, geographers and sociologists have shown the consequences of such a residential choice in terms of economic costs, modal choice, environmental impacts and the socio-spatial distribution of populations. The spatial-temporal approach presented here, which has been relatively little studied until now, aims to put into perspective the different ways in which long daily journey-to-work movements are managed, notably through programming activities. It examines the spatial-temporal equation of families who have to reconcile and articulate the different spheres of daily life (work, family, journeys) in situations where time-budgets are under severe strain due to the distances involved. This research is based on the gene- ral hypothesis that the solution to this equation requires putting into place social-spatial strategies and regular adjustments, both within households and within the close social and spatial environment. The daily mobility of Luxembourg’s frontier workers, characterised by long journey-to-work movements and the crossing of a state border, represents a relevant case for analysis, where the separation between places of work and residence takes on particular and accentuated forms. Although frontiers are tending to disappear within the Schengen area, the research hypothesises that borders retain an organisational influence on the daily routines of frontier workers. The heuristic analysis grid is based on the link between experiences and perceptions from which spatial-temporal associations emerge and correspond with particular spatial life-styles. The first level of analysis which considers spatial behaviour of all Luxem- bourg frontier workers, shows strong links with the place of residence and the constrained organisation of activities based on short distances. A comparison with the spatial-temporal behaviour patterns of non-frontier workers at Voiron (part of the Grenoble metropolitan area) confirms these results and demonstrates that the activities of frontier workers take place to a greater extent around the home. The qualitative analysis points to a particularly difficult lifestyle with tensions between family and professional lives. The time-distance involved can be supported if it is associated with other forms of proximity (spatial, social or family-related). Faced with such a lifestyle, differentiated strategies of adaptation are implemented by house- holds, based on temporal, economic and social resources in association with the neighbouring environment. In these spatially determined metropolitan life patterns, the associations between social proximity and work distances create a system. Borders remain a major organisational element in daily patterns of life due to the importance of the distance between places of work and residence and the persistence of complex perceptions of neighbouring country.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 30, 2017 - 10:55:07 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01481282, version 2

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Guillaume Drevon. Mobilité quotidienne et stratégies d’adaptation spatio-temporelles des ménages : une approche comparée des espaces transfrontaliers et non frontaliers des métropoles luxembourgeoises et grenobloises. Géographie. CEPS/INSTEAD (Luxembourg), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAH011⟩. ⟨tel-01481282v2⟩

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