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Etude de la Cytolethal Distending Toxin B des Hélicobacters dans l’inflammation et la carcinogenèse digestive

Abstract : The demonstration of the role of the Cytolethal Distending Toxin (CDT) of Helicobacter hepaticusin the development of hepatocarcinoma in mice, makes this toxin a relevant candidate in theactivation of precancerous processes. As in the case of the CagA toxin of Helicobacter pylori, theCdtB active subunit of CDT could be an oncoprotein. We studied the role of Helicobacter CdtB ininflammation and digestive carcinogenesis using a lentiviral strategy for constitutive or conditionalexpression of the CdtB subunit or its corresponding DNase mutant. We conducted a study of thetranscriptome and showed that CdtB induced an inflammatory response by overexpressingcytokines, chemokines, antimicrobial peptides and activating the NF-kB pathway in epithelialcells. The CdtB also regulated the expression and nuclear localization of the transcription factorand oncogene MafB. These results were confirmed for the CdtB of Helicobacter pullorum.Infection of cells with wild type strains and the corresponding CDT-mutant strains (of H. hepaticus& H. pullorum) were used to validate the results and to attribute the effects to the CdtB and, inparticular, to its DNase activity. We also developed a novel epithelial cell xenograft model toevaluate the inducible expression of H. hepaticus CdtB. In this model, the CdtB, in addition to itspreviously well-known effects, delayed tumor growth, induced apoptosis, senescence and theoverexpression of nuclear proliferation marker, Ki-67, suggesting cell survival. All of these resultsprovide new arguments in favor of the oncogenic potential of the CDT.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 2, 2017 - 1:01:50 AM
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Christelle Péré-Védrenne. Etude de la Cytolethal Distending Toxin B des Hélicobacters dans l’inflammation et la carcinogenèse digestive. Immunologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0404⟩. ⟨tel-01480948⟩

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