Les mules de la mode : mobilités de commerçantes angolaises entre le Brésil et la Chine

Abstract : This thesis is based on the professional experiences of a small group of transnationalAngolan traders how travel abroad to bring back manufactured products (clothing,shoes, and women’s accessories) that they transport in their suitcases withoutdeclaring the commercial aim of this activity. After the end of the Angolan civil war in2002, allowing for the opening of international relations with partners such asPortugal, Brazil, Dubai and China, the feminization of this commercial practiceintensified. This thesis analyzes these phenomena through different case studiesinvolving two waves of female transnational traders: the first being from Angola toBrazil, and the second from Angola to China. By investigating the specific roles ofthese African women in the three different spaces where they were observed, themarkets of São Paulo, Luanda and Guangzhou, the research fits into the perspectiveof globalization from below. By investigating these emancipatory processes, thisresearch attempts to verify if this commercial activity allows the women to becomeconscious of the power relations that marginalize them and whether thisconsciousness develops the capacity to transform them. However, the thesis defendedhere assumes that the characteristics of the “parallel” economy, where the bordersblur between legal and illegal, licit and illicit, condition the capacities of the women’sempowerment and put them at a disadvantage in the collective demands for theirrights. At of time when globalization is accelerating, this study endeavors to give anintimate, feminist vision of mobility through the journey and the life stories of variousAngolan women as they travel between Brazil, Angola and China.
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Léa Barreau. Les mules de la mode : mobilités de commerçantes angolaises entre le Brésil et la Chine. Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0431⟩. ⟨tel-01478538⟩

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