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Caractérisation avancée des matériaux en vue de la prédiction de la localisation sur des tôles minces

Abstract : The determination of limit loading conditions producing the localization in the material is always an important subject, notably as it is about the optimization of tool dimension during operations during which material is strongly solicited. Different recent works have shown that intrinsic structural heterogeneity inside any metallic material plays an important role in the different stages of deformation. However, the role of heterogeneities in localization is not addressed.The objective of this PhD thesis is therefore to determine if the structural heterogeneity of materials has an impact on the localization of ductile materials. A corollary action is then to validate the use of models which integrate this heterogeneity for best results.This study has two parts.The first experimental part has for objective to constitute an experimental base which highlights the impact of the heterogeneity factor on localization. Different titanium specimens were prepared so as to obtain different degrees of heterogeneities.Two parameters were used for this purpose: thickness and crystal structure. Titanium makes it possible to have materials with hexagonal structure and cubic centered that present possibilities of very different plastic accommodation.Tensile and equi-axial tests have thus been carried out on titanium specimens for thin and thick metal sheet in the structures α and β for T40 grade Titanium.Three different sheets Tiα(thin); Tiα(thick) et Tiα+β(thick) were used during the tests. To obtain the sheets Tiα+β, a heat treatment has been optimized and sheets analysis was done using several techniques such as SEM, X Rays and ATD. A second numerical part was based on two models to realize numerical simulation of the experimental tests. A first classical phenomenological model without heterogeneity factor was firstly used to simulate the ideal behavior of a homogeneous material. In a second time, the use of a model that incorporates a physical dimension that is to say the heterogeneity, has shown that this latter has a significant impact and makes it possible to improve the prediction of localization phenomenon.
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Nesrine Ksiksi. Caractérisation avancée des matériaux en vue de la prédiction de la localisation sur des tôles minces. Matériaux. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAA030⟩. ⟨tel-01470751⟩

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