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La vallée de la Loire à l’époque de Jean Fouquet : la carrière de trois enlumineurs actifs entre 1460 et 1480

Abstract : This thesis deals with the career of some painters active during the peak of fame of Jean Fouquet (1415/20 - 1478/81), painter and illuminator active during the third quarter of the fifteenth century who spent most of his career in the Loire Valley, Tours, during the time of Charles VII (1403-1461) and Louis XI (1423-1483). Particular attention is given on manuscripts attributed to an anonymous master called the Master of the Vienna Mamerot / Master of the Yale Missal or Master of Christophe de Champagne. It is necessary to review the work assigned to this illuminator and to reorganize the corpus now distributed between three illuminators: the Master of Jeanne de France and the Master of Macé Prestesaille, whose careers take shape for the first time, and the Master Mamerot Vienna / Master of the Yale Missal or Master of Christophe de Champagne himself, that we propose to identify as Guillaume Piqueau, an illuminator based in Tours and known by two archives. The aim of this revaluation is to offer new groups of manuscripts which emerge three with distinct illuminator’s profiles. They offer the possibility to better understand their work and more generally the production painting in Tours between 1460 and 1480. A copy of Des cas des nobles hommes et femmes baptizes one of them the Master of Jeanne de France, in relation with the name of the owner. A dozen manuscripts, made between the 1460s until the late 1470s, mark precisely the career of the painter. Its trajectory shows the professional relationships developed between some of western illuminations French workshops. A second illuminator can be called the Master of Macé Prestesaille from a manuscript executed in 1475 for the Prestesaille family, based in Touraine. He appears as a secondary painter in Tours by a more sober style but his career can be highlighted by seven manuscripts that provide an overview of his production. More than twenty manuscripts are linked to the Master of the Vienna Mamerot / Master of the Yale Missal or Master of Christophe de Champagne. We propose to identify these unknown painters as Guillaume Piqueau, a painter based in Tours known to have illuminated a Vita Christi for Queen Charlotte de Savoie in 1482.
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Samuel Gras. La vallée de la Loire à l’époque de Jean Fouquet : la carrière de trois enlumineurs actifs entre 1460 et 1480. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL30021⟩. ⟨tel-01468581⟩

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