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Structures et propriétés d'oxydes magnétiques à topologie frustrée et de basse dimension

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the study of a chromium oxide family in which the samples are synthsized into two forms with two different topologies : α-ACr₂O₄ (A=Sr, Ca, Ba) and β-CaCr₂O₄. In these compounds, the chromium ions carry a spin 3/2 and either form triangular spin chains or two dimensional triangular lattices. Our study was hence divided in two parts : the study of a quasi one-dimensional and of a two-dimensional antiferromagnet.The first part was dedicated to the β-CaCr₂O₄ compound. This system exhibits a classical behavior at low temperature associated to a three-dimensional long-range magnetic order and quantum properties typical of a spin chain above the Néel temperature.The aim o four study was therefore to understand the mecanism involved in this classical to quantum physics crossover.In this context, we explored the topological and structural effects on the magnetic properties of this system, through the study of the series of substituted compounds β-CaCr₂-xScxO₄, as well as a study of β-CaCr₂O₄ under pressure. This work was also supported by theoretical calculations on frustrated J₁-J₂ spin chains.The second part of this thesis focused on α-SrCr₂O₄. In particular, neutron scattering measurements on this compound highlighted the effects of the 2D character and the distortion of the triangular lattice on the ground state and dynamical properties in this system.
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Manila Songvilay. Structures et propriétés d'oxydes magnétiques à topologie frustrée et de basse dimension. Electrons fortement corrélés [cond-mat.str-el]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS403⟩. ⟨tel-01468576⟩

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