Champ de déformation du socle paléozoïque des Pyrénées

Abstract : We present a qualitative and quantitative structural study of the Paleozoic basement of the Pyrenees. Based on new observations and an extensive compilation of structural data that were harmonized at the scale of the orogen, we built the regional-scale Variscan strain field. The main Variscan deformation was partitioned between transpressional thickening of the upper crust and the laterally flowing lower crust. An attachment zone acted to maintain the kinematic coherency between these two structural domains. Lateral flow of the lower crust accompanied emplacement of syn-convergence extensional domes. Regional cooling progressively increases the degree of mechanical coupling between the two structural levels and enhanced strain localization in steep regional transpressive shear zones. Though part of the foreland of the Variscan orogen the Pyrenees developed strain patterns typical of hot crusts/lithospheres. Such a hot thermal context is due to lithospheric mantle delamination that initiated beneath the hinterland of the orogen and allowed the Iberian-Armorican syntax to close and extrude the soft Pyrenean crust trapped in it. Geostatistical analysis of the strain field suggests that it results bulk pure shear deformation with a dextral transpressional component restricted to the boundaries of plutons and domes. Emplacement of such structural objects governed the degree of heterogeneity of the strain field. The coherency of the strain field argues against the stacking of large basement nappes in the Axial Zone of the Pyrenees during building of the orogenic prism since the Late Cretaceous. Only the southern and western parts of the Axial Zone are affected by “Alpine” thrusting and only minor local reactivation occurred elsewhere in the Axial Zone. Therefore, the Nogueres thrust cannot root into the Axial Zone but is a decollement within Late Paleozoic series. This suggests a lower amount of Alpine shortening in this part of the Pyrenees than previously estimated.
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Bryan Cochelin. Champ de déformation du socle paléozoïque des Pyrénées. Sciences de la Terre. Université Toulouse 3 Paul Sabatier (UT3 Paul Sabatier), 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01467202v2⟩

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