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Mixed experimental/theoretical study of quantum dot sensitized solar cells

Abstract : A mixed theoretical/experimental approach was used to analyze the semiconductor components of quantum dot sensitized solar cells and the interfaces formed between them. We first identified a computational protocol that accurately and efficiently describes the bulk and surface geometrical and electronic properties of CdSe. Then, we simulated CdSe nanoplatelets of various thicknesses, passivated by different ligands. Next, a model of the sensitizer - wide band gap semiconductor heterostructure was built and its structural, vibrational and electronic properties were calculated. In the meantime, computational results were compared to experimental data. Wide band gap semiconductors (WBSC) in the form of nanorods and sensitizer nanocrystals (CdSe nanoplatelets and quantum dots) were synthesized. The WBSC substrates were sensitized both by ex situ and in situ grown CdSe QDs. The as-prepared semiconductor systems were characterized by UV-VIS absorption and Raman spectroscopy. Finally, solar cells based on these heterostructures were fabricated and tested. The applied combined theoretical/experimental approach made it possible to cross-validate the capacity of computational and experimental methods for the characterization of the semiconductor systems studied in this thesis. Moreover, general guidelines for the screening of QDSC components could be drawn from the obtained results. The here proposed mixed theoretical/experimental approach can be extended to other semiconductor heterostructures in a wide variety of optoelectronic applications, and it could contribute to a better understanding of the working principle of these devices and improve their performance.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01467109, version 1

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Alexandra Szemjonov. Mixed experimental/theoretical study of quantum dot sensitized solar cells. Chemical Physics [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066301⟩. ⟨tel-01467109⟩

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