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Impact du glucomannane de konjac sur les interactions composés volatils - amidon de pomme de terre dans un gel hydraté

Abstract : The objective of this study is to demonstrate that the presence of konjac glucomannan (KGM) in a potato starch matrix enhances its physical stability without inhibiting the molecular encapsulation of aroma compounds by amylose. For that purpose, the two selected polysaccharides are from plant tubers, abundant in nature.Starch is known to interact with volatile compounds either by trapping in amorphous phase or by forming inclusion complexes. This phenomenon is called molecular encapsulation. However, at high water content, these starchy matrices exhibit syneresis that can be harmful to the stability of the aroma compounds trapping over time. KGM has the ability to form highly viscous solutions. Our results show that the addition of KGM at low concentration (0.2 %) in starch dispersion (5 %) disrupts the gelatinisation of starch, accelerates the retrogradation of amylose and delays the one of amylopectin. During accelerate aging, the presence of KGM ensures stability of starch suspensions.In starch – KGM matrix, the molecular encapsulation of carvacrol by amylose has been demonstrated. The complexes of caravacrol – amylose are V6III type structure. Their establishment is dependent on experimental conditions. The use of propylene glycol as carrier solvent of carvacrol promotes the formation of complexes between amylose and carvacrol. During accelerate aging, the presence of KGM ensures the stability of carvacrol trapping.The potato starch – KGM matrix with an addition of carvacrol at the end of the process shows the best physical stability of the gel and the best carvacrol trapping.
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Céline Lafarge. Impact du glucomannane de konjac sur les interactions composés volatils - amidon de pomme de terre dans un gel hydraté. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Bourgogne, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016DIJOS007⟩. ⟨tel-01466858⟩

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