La collégiale de Saint-Julien de Brioude (Haute-Loire) : Recherches sur les liens entre l’architecture ecclésiale, son agencement iconographique, et la liturgie d’une communauté canoniale au Moyen Âge

Abstract : This thesis is made up of two statistical analyses which are at the service of the study of Saint-Julien de Brioude’s cultural identity. Having had a lush history, the Brioude Company kept a complex web of relationships. Both, art and liturgy, were the frame for the identity study of this chapter. The study of the Brivadois breviary proved how unique the Brivadois liturgy was. Unlike what was thought at first, such liturgy was not as close as to that of Clermont-Ferrand. Born from the blending of liturgical tradition from Aquitaine and Velay, the Brivadois liturgy was endowed with singing pieces and specific orations. The spatial staging of the relics partook of the collegiate’s specificity the pilgrims visited. Next to Julien’s gravestone, other Saints’ bodies and relics were subjected to devotions.The collegiate’s sculpted program was designed in two times. As they were often faithfully linked with the iconographic subjects used in Clermont’s diocese, Brioude’s capitals were put together in accordance with the areas dividing the ecclesial space. These nested areas were next to one another and highlighted the differences between the relics, the furniture and the images. The chevet intertwined Saint-Sépulcre’s iconography, along with its Crusades, with Julien’s reliquary gravestone and the secondary altars. The sculptures were used as genuine signage livened up around the liturgical tragedy. The images took part in the setting up of history’s liturgical memorial space.This study gives new perspectives which go beyond the monographic frame. Liturgy and arts can provide us with tangible understanding elements regarding the cultural exchanges and the layout of the ecclesial space. The canon’s familial origin determined this area (the Brivadois) located at the confluence of Auvergne’s Aquitaine and the Velay (buffer zone with the Empire). From the Brioude chapter located between these two, without being central, it extracted the cultural benefits as well as a very own standing. The Brioude chapter thus managed to shape its collegiate so as to celebrate the canonical company itself and the Saint whom she possessed the relics from. Attracting the crowd enabled the company to carry own the patron Saint’s memory and to provide themselves with the essential resources to make it operate. The collegiate was undertaken as a landscape’s landmark determining an attractive architectural identity.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [4 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01466808
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 23, 2017 - 3:02:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 1, 2017 - 8:51:05 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01466808, version 1

Collections

Citation

Fabien Vivier. La collégiale de Saint-Julien de Brioude (Haute-Loire) : Recherches sur les liens entre l’architecture ecclésiale, son agencement iconographique, et la liturgie d’une communauté canoniale au Moyen Âge. Histoire. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014CLF20005⟩. ⟨tel-01466808⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1063

Files downloads

2343