La protection non juridictionnelle des droits fondamentaux en droit constitutionnel comparé : L’exemple de l’ombudsman spécialisé portugais, espagnol et français

Abstract : The figure of the Human rights ombudsman appeared into the Iberian Peninsula at the demise of Franco and Salazar dictatorships in order to facilitate the transition to democracy. In France this figure finds its contemporary justification due to the insufficiency of the classic mechanisms of guarantee of the fundamental rights. The Human rights ombudsman is specially designed for the protection of fundamental rights, and is indeed a form of non jurisdictional protection in a perspective of complementarity of the traditional ways, especially the court of appeal and, as such, favors the emergence of an institutional system of complete protection. The protection proposed by the Human rights ombudsman contributes to an indisputable consolidation of the fundamental rights however it is essential that it remains relative. Yet, it does not fill all the inadequacies affecting the other instances of guarantee as the Human rights ombudsman suffers from imperfections likely to prejudice the effectiveness of its mission of protection of the person’s human rights.
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Dimitri Löhrer. La protection non juridictionnelle des droits fondamentaux en droit constitutionnel comparé : L’exemple de l’ombudsman spécialisé portugais, espagnol et français. Droit. Université de Pau et des pays de l'Adour, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01465159⟩

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