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Traitement des métastases péritonéales microscopiques des cancers épithéliaux de l'ovaire par thérapie photodynamique ciblée utilisant un adressage par acide folique. Données précliniques

Abstract : Ovarian cancer’s prognosis remains dire after primary therapy. The standard of care remains debulking surgery in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy. This consists of either primary debulking surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy or neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery, depending on FIGO stage and predictive factors concerning residual macroscopic disease after surgery. Recurrence rate is disappointingly high as 60-80% of women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) considered in remission will develop recurrent disease within five years. Special attention to undetected peritoneal metastases and residual tumorous cells during surgery is necessary as they are the main predictive factors of recurrences.An option to improve the completion of cytoreductive surgery is using photodynamic therapy (PDT) to induce necrosis of micrometastases. A limit of this technique is the toxicity induced by the low photosensitizer (PS) specificity for tumor tissue if the light cannot be specifically applied. This would be the case in advanced ovarian cancer. To solve this problem, a solution is the design of selective PS, that is to say PS coupled to a unit that target over-expressed receptors on tumor cells. Approximately, 72-100% of ovarian carcinoma overexpress Folate Receptor α (FRα) in particular the serous carcinoma. FRα is absent in most of the healthy tissues; thus, representing a promising target for EOC targeted therapy.We present preclinical results of in vitro and in vivo studies concerning properties of folic-acid targeted photosensitizers (PS1 and PS2). Those studies have been performed on murine and human cell lines of EOC and on a preclinical model of peritoneal carcinomatosis (Fisher F344 rat / NuTu-19 cell line). Results suggest that specificity for ovarian cancer metastases is better than previously reported with other photosensitizer. Fluorescence emission was higher in peritoneal metastases than in liver and healthy peritoneum. Tissue quantification of the PS showed specific incorporation of the folate-targeted PS within tumor tissue. Folic acid targeted PDT induced cellular death on EOC human cell lines.Specific PS may allow the development of efficient and safe intraperitoneal PDT procedure which could play a role in the prevention of EOC peritoneal recurrences.
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Henri Azaïs. Traitement des métastases péritonéales microscopiques des cancers épithéliaux de l'ovaire par thérapie photodynamique ciblée utilisant un adressage par acide folique. Données précliniques. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL2S014⟩. ⟨tel-01461542⟩

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