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Etude de noyaux riches en neutrons dans la région du coeur doublement magique de ¹³²Sn

Abstract : Evolution of nuclear structure in the vicinity of the doubly magic nuclei 132Sn will be discussed in this work, through the spectroscopy of 136Sb, 136Sn and 138Sn isotopes. Several Sb and Sn known isotopes beyond the Z=50 and N=82 shell closures will be briefly presented in the first chapter, aswell as some of the problems arising from the current shell model descritpion of nuclei in this region. Reader will also find in the same chapter a brief description of the most important tools needed to understand such calculations. Excited state of 136Sb have been populated at the Institut Laue-Langevin (Grenoble) through thermal neutron-induced fission on a 241Pu target. Fission fragments produced were separated with the Lohengrin mass spectrometer. Conversion electrons and gammas from 136Sb were measured and confirmed the previously proposed schemed. A new 31(7) ns isomer has been measured and assigned to the 4- state. Details of the experiment and analysis are presented in the first part. The second part is devoted to the 136,138Sn isotopes, produced via in-flight fission of 238U on a 9Be target at the RIBF of the RIKEN (Tokyo). Mass separators BigRIPS and ZDS allowed separation and identification of produced fragments, before implantation in the higly segmented silicon detector WAS3ABi surrounded by the germanium array EURICA. The first energy measurement of the 6+ -> 4+, 4+ -> 2+ and 2+ -> 0+ transitions has been performed for each of the 136,138Sn isotopes, aswell as an 46(7) and 219(58) ns half-life for the 6+ state of the 136Sn and 138Sn respectively.
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Guillaume Gey. Etude de noyaux riches en neutrons dans la région du coeur doublement magique de ¹³²Sn. Physique Nucléaire Expérimentale [nucl-ex]. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENY033⟩. ⟨tel-01461540⟩

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