Contribution à l’étude des fonctions sociale et écologique du droit de propriété : enquête sur le caractère sacré de ce droit énoncé dans la Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen du 26 août 1789

Abstract : The property right is guaranteed by the Declation of the Rights of Man and of theCitizen of 1789 which calles it sacred. This quality finds a secular and republican translation(suggested by the Church’s social doctrine) in the social function of property right. This function is recognized abroad (constitutional courts, C.J.E.U., E.C.H.R.) and in France(Constitutional council, Council of State, Court of cassation), it is neither an isolated theory ofone author, nor an evolution of property right. There is a correspondance between thetheological assumption and the secular and republican concept of property right : to theCreator’s eminent domain corresponds the human community’s eminent domain (via theState’s eminent domain, the reserve of law, the common heritage of the Nation), to therelativity of the human creature’s domain corresponds the relativity of the private propertyright, to the management of creation (stewardship) corresponds the preservation ofbiodiversity and sustainable development. The analysis of this sacred feature reveals that thesocial function and the ecological function (or environmental) of the property right are part ofthe structural definition of this right. In its secular and republican legislative translation, theecological function of the property right is illustrated in the participation of owners to the conservation of natural ressources (particularly via naturalist inventories) and conservation of environmental quality of real estate and lands.
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Laurent Millet. Contribution à l’étude des fonctions sociale et écologique du droit de propriété : enquête sur le caractère sacré de ce droit énoncé dans la Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen du 26 août 1789. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010277⟩. ⟨tel-01457046⟩

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