La fabrique d'une invention : parcours d'inventrices/inventeurs autonomes en France et au Québec

Abstract : This PhD is based on a wide range of fieldwork, including in-depth interviews, observations, questionnaires and patent database analysis. It focuses on the experiences of autonomous inventors in France and in Quebec. Their inventive projects are characterized by notions of passage, overlap, embeddedness, and by a blur between life stages or areas of activity. The first part of the thesis defines the notion of « invention » and circumscribes the field of study. The invention process is then analyzed according to three phases that mark individual experiences: engagement, formalization and duration. The process forms a circle of inventive activities, with frequent loops back and forth between phases, as the inventive process continues to play and to replay itself out over time. This study offers an opportunity to emphasize the interactions between different spheres of life and to stress the importance of taking into account the interweaving of the professional sphere with the family, friendship and leisure. The third part mobilizes an innovative network analysis methodology, in order to capture the access to material and immaterial resources throughout the whole inventive process. This thesis aims to better understand the inventive process at the crossroads of major shifts in contemporary Western societies, such as the rise of singularities, the democratization of innovation and increased uncertainty.
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Laurence Cloutier. La fabrique d'une invention : parcours d'inventrices/inventeurs autonomes en France et au Québec. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TOU20083⟩. ⟨tel-01455543⟩

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