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Towards a squeezing-enhanced atomic clock on a chip

Abstract : This thesis describes the conception and construction of an “entanglement-enhanced” trapped atom clock on an atom chip (TACC). The key feature of this new experiment is the integration of two optical Fabry-Pérot micro resonators which enable generation of spin-squeezed states of the atomic ensemble via atom-light interactions and non-destructive detection of the atomic state. It has been shown before that spin-squeezed states can enhance the metrological performance of atomic clocks, but existing proof-of-principle experiments have not yet reached a metrologically relevant level of precision. This is the first goal of the new setup. To retain the compactness and stability of our setup, we chose the optical resonator to be a fiber Fabry-Pérot (FFP) resonator where the resonator mirrors are realized on the tip of optical fibers. To meet the requirements of our experiment, a new generation of FFP resonators was developed in the context of this thesis, demonstrating the longest FFP resonators to date. For this purpose, we developed a “dot milling” procedure using a focused CO2-laser that allows shaping of fused silica surfaces with unprecedented precision and versatility. Incorporating optical resonators in the TACC system requires a new atom chip design, allowing transportation of the atom cloud into the resonator. We present the design and the fabrication of this atom chip. The completed setup will enable investigations of the interplay of spin-dynamics in presence of light mediated correlations and spin-squeezing at a metrologically relevant stability level of $10^{-13}$ at 1 s.
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Konstantin Ott. Towards a squeezing-enhanced atomic clock on a chip. Physics [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066287⟩. ⟨tel-01452767⟩



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