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Rôle du système générateur d’espèces réactives de l’oxygène NOX4-p22phox dans la thyroïde humaine : implication dans la prolifération et la différenciation thyroïdienne

Abstract : BRAFV600E induced-TGF-β secretion down-regulates sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression via NOX4-dependent ROS generation in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Abstract : Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common thyroid pathology and BRAF point mutations account for 40-60% of tumors. BRAFT1799A is the most frequent BRAF mutation and BRAFV600E positive tumors are often associated with a significant loss of sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) expression. Clinical results on patients harboring thyroid cancer with BRAF mutation have recently shown that MAPK pathway inhibition does not fully reverts the BRAF-induced NIS repression. BRAFV600E expression induces secretion of functional TGF-β which is a repressor of thyroid specific genes such as NIS. Importantly, NOX4 has been shown to be prominently expressed in an increasing number of tumors, in particular in PTCs. In breast cancer cells, a critical mechanism for cancer development involves the transcriptional regulation of NOX4 by TGF-β. This result prompted us to test NOX4 as a ROS-producing candidate induced by BRAF-induced TGF-β. In this report, we first show in PTCs a correlation between BRAFV600E status, NOX4 overexpression, and low NIS expression level. Then, using BCPAP cells as an in vitro PTC model, we demonstrate that BRAFV600E controls NOX4 and p22phox expression via TGF-β signalling. The TGF-β autocrine loop activated by BRAFV600E induces NOX4 and p22phox expression at the transcriptional level via phosphorylated SMAD3. Both constitutively expressed proteins form a functional NADPH oxidase which produces high intracellular ROS levels. ROS scavengers increase the NIS expression at both mRNA and protein levels, and rescue a functional NIS, indicating that ROS are involved in the repression of NIS. Knocking down NOX4 with specific siRNAs reinduces NIS expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Altogether, these results show for the first time that NOX4-dependent ROS generation has a critical role in BRAF-induced NIS repression via the TGF-β/SMAD3 oncogenic signalling.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01451346
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 1, 2017 - 1:01:10 AM
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Jérémy Cailloux. Rôle du système générateur d’espèces réactives de l’oxygène NOX4-p22phox dans la thyroïde humaine : implication dans la prolifération et la différenciation thyroïdienne. Cancer. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA11T064⟩. ⟨tel-01451346⟩

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