Le pôle espoir à l'articulation du monde scolaire et du monde du sport de haut niveau

Abstract : The structure of the « pôle espoir » is characterized by hosting a training of elite sport within school education. There are many researches about the formation of an elite athlete, but most of the studies are focused on the socialization to athletic performance regardless of school socialization. This research aims to balance the look between school work and sports work as part of an interactionist approach of the social worlds in reference to the work of Becker (1982) and Strauss (1988). It relies on an ethnographic survey of more than three years, conducted in two “pôles espoirs” (rugby and synchronized swimming) chosen for their similar structures (boarding school, urban settlement) and especially their differentiated characteristics (gendered marking, contrasting sports cultures). It is supplemented by 18 in-depth research interviews with students-athletes, coaches, teachers and doctors. We want to study what the actors actually do to articulate the sport world and the school world. The “pôle espoir” is understood as a dynamic and negotiated organization in which the world of elite sport and the school world interact, intersect and even overlap. We make the hypothesis that there are differentiated worlds in a “pôle espoir”, it allow us to capture, through clashes and negotiations, singular designs of the situations in which actors are engaged. In addition to ordinary time, the research pays particular attention to the time of trial: injuries, poor performances, academic difficulties. These times of trial help to highlight the usual logic and reveal the adjustments implemented by the different actors (teachers, school director, coaches, but also students-athletes). The social order in a “pôle espoir” is not only determined by gender roles and the rules governing them, but by complex interactions, negotiations, types of figuration (Goffman, 2003). The thesis shows a representation less mechanistic and more dynamic of “pôles espoirs”. It highlights the investments and negotiations that create an imbalance in favour of the sport world, in ordinary times, as well as in time of trial. The social worlds approach allows us to take into account the work of the family and introduce the world of health to understand the articulation of the activities. By their movement between the worlds and the different types of representation to which they are forced, young students-athletes are major players in the articulation between school and sports activities. The career prospects and values of sports systems result in different adjustments.
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Jessica Guyot. Le pôle espoir à l'articulation du monde scolaire et du monde du sport de haut niveau. Education. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE2106⟩. ⟨tel-01450959⟩

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