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Changement structurel et contrainte de balance des paiements dans les pays en voie d’industrialisation : une analyse comparative des trajectoires de développement de la Colombie et de la Corée du sud.

Abstract : In the first part, the thesis discusses structural change, not only from offerconditions but also from the point of view of the demand parameters. Following theHarrod, Prebisch, Kaldor and Thirlwall analysis, we identified the existence of astructural constraint to growth, as a result of the particular foreign trade dynamic inthe less advanced economies (demand for imports vs. demand for exports). Weexamined the different theoretical models that formalize such restriction and, weelaborated a Thirlwall's Law empirical test in five emerging economies (Brazil,Colombia, Singapore, South Korea and Malaysia).In the second part, the thesis examines the structural change process in South Koreaand Colombia, in order to understand how these countries, have deal with thisrestriction and how it has impacted their long-term economic growth. To accomplishthis historical analysis, the key concepts of French regulation school areincorporated.
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Ilich Ortiz Wilches. Changement structurel et contrainte de balance des paiements dans les pays en voie d’industrialisation : une analyse comparative des trajectoires de développement de la Colombie et de la Corée du sud.. Economies et finances. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0287⟩. ⟨tel-01450717⟩

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