Réformer l'administration pour renégocier la centralité de l'Etat : une analyse à partir du cas des municipalités de Beira, Mueda et Quissico (Mozambique)

Abstract : Over the last few years, States in the South and in the North have engaged in a series of government reforms that appear to have been created out of the same model. Most studies of these reforms insist on the idea that these reforms were imposed by donors, particularly in the context of developing countries, and especially for Africa. However, these analyses do not take into account local specificities and they therefore tend to present the reforms as successive failures. This thesis contributes to a critical reading of these reforms, their implementation and the practices resulting from their execution, demonstrating that they are means for exercising power. Indeed, starting from an empirical restitution of the implementation of decentralization reforms, notably through the proceedings of the municipalities for the city of Beira and the boroughs of Muedaand Quissico in Mozambique, the thesis shows that the learning curve of integrating reforms is influenced by the specific trajectory of the relationship between the State and society in the areas ofimplementation. By combining various approaches to historical sociology to the study of administration through these successive reforms, coupled with theories of sociology of state building and public action, this thesis argues that allowing changes in the relation between government and citizens through administrative reforms, especially decentralization, contributes to and participates in the redeploymentof the state.In fact, empirically observing the daily functioning of municipalities undergoing reformsenables to look at them as new arenas for propagation and learning in the linkage between States and their citizens. This process must necessarily be resituated into the intersection of the specific issues facing the locations of implementation and the underlying frameworks of reforms.
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Egidio Guambe. Réformer l'administration pour renégocier la centralité de l'Etat : une analyse à partir du cas des municipalités de Beira, Mueda et Quissico (Mozambique). Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0347⟩. ⟨tel-01450412⟩

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