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Les styles thématiques locaux : l'interprétation du réel par les physiciens selon leur culture : une étude comparative des physiciens indiens et français autour de l'interprétation de la mécanique quantique

Abstract : This thesis examines the influence of the cultural background of physicists on their deep mental representations of reality. These representations, called themata, are philosophical presuppositions: determinism, reductionism, objectivity, etc. Are scientist' themata independent of their cultural backgrounds, reflecting instead the shared values of science? Is science universal? Does the scientific culture influences their representations of reality in the context of their scientific work? We compare the themata of seventy Indian and French physicists, with a focus on their interpretation of quantum physics.The results of our research suggest that there are differences between Indian and French physicists with respect to certain themata. In particular, we observe that Indian physicists appear more deterministic than their French counterparts and they are more attached to a discrete rather thana continuous conception of matter. Indian physicists give a greater role to the subjective nature of knowledge (the observer), they have a more systemic approach to physical objects and phenomena, and they have a preference for an order underlying the phenomena. If Indian and French physicists adhere to different themata this justifies talking about specific local (or national) styles for themata, that is to say, "local thematic styles" (STL), a concept that we have developed specifically for this research. We also note that in the case of quantum physics these "local thematic styles" seem to influence scientists' choice of representation and interpretation of quantum theory
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Sabine Rabourdin. Les styles thématiques locaux : l'interprétation du réel par les physiciens selon leur culture : une étude comparative des physiciens indiens et français autour de l'interprétation de la mécanique quantique. Education. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE1273⟩. ⟨tel-01456846v2⟩

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