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Stabilité des configurations magnétiques dans les étoiles de masse intermédiaire

Abstract : The origin of some of the observed stellar magnetic fields and their impact on stellar evolution are not well understood. This is particularly true for the main sequence intermediate-mass stars. Recent spectropolarimetric surveys have indeed exhibited an unexplained magnetic dichotomy, of 2 orders of magnitude in term of the longitudinal field, between the strong field of Ap/Bp stars and the weak field of Vega-like stars. This thesis aims to test the possibility that this magnetic dichotomy is linked to the development of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities in the radiative zone of intermediate-mass stars, as proposed by Aurière et al. (2007). To do that, I have performed 2D and 3D MHD numerical simulations that allow to follow the evolution of an axisymetric magnetic field which is initially submitted to a differential rotation in a stably stratified zone and then to consider the development of non-axisymetric MHD instabilities. The influence of different physical parameters of the simulations, as the initial strength of the poloidal magnetic field, the differentially rotating profile, the diffusion coefficient values or the effect of the stable stratification, has been tested. The analysis of the simulation results show that MHD instabilities as the magneto-rotational instability or the Tayler instability can be triggered in a differentially rotating radiative zone. In agreement with the scenario of Aurière et al. (2007), these instabilities are enough developed to modify the large scale spatial structure of a magnetic field if the initial strength of the poloidal field is sufficiently weak with respect to the initial strength of the differentially rotation. The computed longitudinal field in our most unstable simulations is reduced by 15% with respect to a stable case. Therefore, this thesis work shows that the magnetic instabilities are possible candidates to explain the magnetic desert of the main sequence intermediate-mass stars.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 25, 2018 - 11:07:14 AM
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Mathieu Gaurat. Stabilité des configurations magnétiques dans les étoiles de masse intermédiaire. Astrophysique stellaire et solaire [astro-ph.SR]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU30336⟩. ⟨tel-01447190v2⟩



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