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Development of architectured micro-composite duplex stainless steels : manufacturing, microstructure and mecganical behavior

Abstract : The use of duplex stainless steel (DSS) grades for structural applications is considered as one of the most significant advances impacting the construction sector. This is because of their high mechanical properties coupled with interesting functional properties such as corrosion resistance or even the low thermal conductivity compared to carbon steels. Due to their complex microstructure and interaction between the phases, DSS have a significant potential for unique properties. A better understanding is needed to give the possibility to obtain break through properties and to provide the possibility to design tailor-made, architectured DSS for specific applications. In this work we proposed a different approach from that used until now to understand the behavior of DSS. The strategy adopted in this work was a top-down strategy in which at least two bulk metals with well known behavior and properties are mechanically alloyed by Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD). This proposed strategy served two main objectives: i) enhancing the properties by microstructure refining down to sub-micron scale ii) elaborating a material model for understanding the DSS behavior obtained by the conventional metallurgical methods. The first objective of this work was, therefore, the implementation of a methodology of manufacturing using SPD technique by co-drawing. This technique will allow obtaining an ultra-fine microstructure of 316L/430LNb composites. One of the challenges met during our study was the significant inter-diffusion during heat-treatment step necessary during processing preventing by consequence further refining. An optimization investigation was carried out to account the role of this inter-diffusion for 316L/430LNb couple. Multi-scale micro-composites have been then obtained. In this work, we showed the limitation of this process in terms of microstructure refining. A rationalization of these limits was given by studying the thermo-kinetics of both micro-composites and bulk materials. In parallel with the microstructural evaluation, the mechanical behavior of these new micr-composites was examined. In order to provide a more in-depth explanation of the plastic behavior of our composites, in situ tensile test using high energy X-ray synchrotron have been performed.
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Hasan Naser. Development of architectured micro-composite duplex stainless steels : manufacturing, microstructure and mecganical behavior. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAI024⟩. ⟨tel-01446717⟩

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