Attention, métacognition et gestion des ressources cognitives en mémoire : vers une approche néopiagétienne de l'écrit

Abstract : This dissertation studies writing under the metacognitive and metasubjective perspectives from Pascual-Leone’s Theory of Constructive Operators (1976, 1984, 1987, 1989, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2012, 2013) et d’Efklides (2001, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2013). Research on writing emphases the role working memory plays on the processes underlying it (cf. Alamargot & Chanquoy, 2001 for a review of the literature ; Olive, 2012), namely how the limited capacity of working memory affects children’s difficulties in writing. The notion of guided training (Pascual-Leone & Johnson, 2011) is here adopted suggesting the explicit implementation of metacognition, generally defined as thinking about thinking (Flavell, 1979), to manage mental attention resources while enhancing working memory performance, and as a consequence, written performance.This being said, the following questions apply: does training primary school children to develop metacognitive knowledge and abilities contribute to activate (inhibit) (non)pertinent knowledge while dispelling their feeling of difficult about writing?The experimental studies conducted within this research focus on the metaconsctructive system of the theory of constructive operators: the learning system, the attention system and the personal system. Results show that 3rd, 4th and 5th graders are able to develop new metacognitive knowledge about writing, furthermore, primary school children succeed in better handling the cognitive resources required by the task.
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Rosa Volpe. Attention, métacognition et gestion des ressources cognitives en mémoire : vers une approche néopiagétienne de l'écrit. Psychologie. Université Côte d'Azur, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016AZUR2026⟩. ⟨tel-01446086⟩

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