Contribution à l'analyse de la susceptibilité électromagnétique des composants : Caractérisation et modélisation des étages d'entrée des circuits intégrés numériques

Abstract : The proliferation of electronic components increases the interest of investigations about their vulnerability against electromagnetic interference intentionally emitted or not. Our study falls in this context and is specifically devoted to digital devices. These devices usually include, at their input/output ports, protection elements to prevent against electrostatic discharges and all kind of signals with very high amplitude. However, the perturbating signals can have low amplitude and complex waveforms that can cause trouble to these digital devices without triggering protection elements. In this case, first stages are the front, and their behaviors against these perturbation signals can alter the good operation of the device. Thus, we propose to study and model the behaviors of these first stages against such aggressions. First of all, an experimental platform was defined for the digital devices. A selection of devices is done and CMOS inverter was naturally chosen because of its presence in almost all of the first stages of digital devices, and because its structure is simple and well known. The choice of the CMOS technology is also due to its simplicity and omnipresence in current electronic equipments. Different perturbation signals were applied to these CMOS inverters to observe and record their typical and particular behaviors. Secondly, with the experimental results, a behavioral and generic SPICE model of CMOS inverters was developed. Different models exist for digital devices, but SPICE is the only one explicitly describing their complete architecture. But, for intellectual proprieties reasons, the manufacturers are usually reluctant to share information on their devices’ internals. However, the SPICE models are only valid within some operating limits defined by manufacturers. We have brought different modifications to this SPICE model to incorporate the observed behaviors of CMOS inverters inside and outside their normal operating conditions. The generic criterion of the final model imposed to study a large number of CMOS inverters of different manufacturers and different logic families. Finally, a synthesis of models and simulation results, by manufacturer and logic family, is produced.
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Ibrahim Kane. Contribution à l'analyse de la susceptibilité électromagnétique des composants : Caractérisation et modélisation des étages d'entrée des circuits intégrés numériques. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université de Limoges, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIMO0119⟩. ⟨tel-01445737⟩

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