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Microwave sources based on high quality factor resonators : modeling, optimization and metrology

Zeina Abdallah 1
1 LAAS-MOST - Équipe Microondes et Opto-microondes pour Systèmes de Télécommunications
LAAS - Laboratoire d'analyse et d'architecture des systèmes
Abstract : RF photonics technology offers an attractive alternative to classical electronic approaches in several microwave systems for military, space and civil applications. One specific original architecture dubbed as optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) allows the generation of spectrally pure microwave reference frequencies, when the microwave photonic link is used as a feedback loop. Various studies have been conducted during this thesis on the OEO, especially the one that is based on fiber ring resonators, in order to optimize and improve its phase noise performance and its long-term stability. Precise characterization and modeling of the optical resonator are the first step towards overall system design. The resonator metrology is performed using an original approach, known as RF spectral characterization. The experimental results have demonstrated that this technique is helpful for the identification of the resonator's coupling regime and the accurate determination of the main resonator parameters such as the intrinsic and extrinsic quality factors or the coupling coefficients. A second study was directed toward implementing a reliable nonlinear model of the system. In such a model, the fast photodiode require an accurate description, in order to reduce the conversion of the optical amplitude noise into RF noise. A new nonlinear equivalent circuit model of a fast photodiode has been implemented in a microwave circuit simulator: Agilent ADS. This new model is able to describe the conversion of the laser relative intensity noise (RIN) into microwave phase noise at the photodiode output. An optimal optical power at the photodiode's input has been identified, at which the contribution of the laser RIN in RF phase noise is negligible. When it comes to practical applications, the desired performance of an OEO is threatened by various disturbances that may result in a frequency shift of both the laser frequency and the transmission peak of the resonator, which causes a malfunction of the OEO. Therefore it is desirable to use a stabilization system to control the difference between the laser frequency and the resonator frequency. A series of tests and experiments have been carried out to investigate the possibility, on one hand, to replace the commercial servo controller that was used up until now in the Pound-Drever-Hall loop, with a low noise homemade one and, on the other hand, to use a semiconductor laser to reduce the system size. A detailed review of these approaches is presented.
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Zeina Abdallah. Microwave sources based on high quality factor resonators : modeling, optimization and metrology. Optics / Photonic. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU30267⟩. ⟨tel-01445614v2⟩

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