Étude de la marche avant et après une rééducation robotisée chez des enfants présentant des troubles locomoteurs

Abstract : In recent years, robotically driven orthoses such as the Lokomat® (Hocoma AG, Volketswil, Switzerland) appear in clinical research laboratories. These tools are proposed through gait training programs for the rehabilitation of patients with locomotor disorders. Their main purpose consists to reacquire functional gait through a simulation of the different phases of gait and a sensory stimulation feeding proprioceptive feedback. The Lokomat® allows by an extended repetition of gait patterns an active and progressive sensorimotor learning for the patient. The aims of our study are: (1) to characterize balance control processes (multisegmental coordination) in gait children with cerebral palsy compared to a group of typical development children by analyzing the different strategies involved to maintain forward motion while maintaining dynamic balance, then (2) to show the effects of robot-assisted rehabilitation in gait retraining and show this impacts upon the postural control of children with cerebral palsy (news strategies, ratio cost/benefit improvement, etc).
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Laura Wallard. Étude de la marche avant et après une rééducation robotisée chez des enfants présentant des troubles locomoteurs. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA05L001⟩. ⟨tel-01445310⟩

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