Oxalates de calcium et hydroxyapatite : des matériaux synthétiques et naturels étudiés par techniques RMN et DNP

Abstract : In France, about 9.8% of the population suffer from urolithiasis. The treatment of kidney stones, composed of 72% of hydrated calcium oxalates (CaC2O4∙nH2O) with n = 1, 2, 3, represents almost 900 million euros in annual spending and it is therefore necessary to understand the in vivo formation of these stones. Here we propose a new approach in order to characterize kidney stones and have a greater understanding of their formation. Physicians primarily use FTIR techniques to determine the major phases present in a given pathological calcification. NMR methods appears suitable to determine more accurately the composition of these pathological calcifications. Very few NMR analyzes of kidney stones and synthetic analogues were conducted to date. In a first step, the three phases of calcium oxalate were synthesized by implementing original protocols. Analysis of the 1H, 13C CP MAS and MAS 43Ca ultra-high magnetic field spectra at natural abundance allow precise identification of the different phases and can be interpreted by taking into account the number of inequivalent crystallographic sites. The hydroxyapatite was studied in parallel as it may also appear in urolithiase. Finally, we show results obtained from DNP MAS at 100 K on the synthetic samples. The affinity of the biradical/solvent combination remains a limiting factor for heterogeneous materials such as those analyzed in this study. We have to be able to find a suitable combination for complex multi-component materials and to obtain an equivalent gain on all signals. In a last step, it is demonstrated that it is possible to transpose the methodological approach presented above to the study of kidney stones.
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César Leroy. Oxalates de calcium et hydroxyapatite : des matériaux synthétiques et naturels étudiés par techniques RMN et DNP. Chimie analytique. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066256⟩. ⟨tel-01443727⟩

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