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La formation des enseignants de Français Langue Etrangère à l'université dans les contextes plurilingues et multiculturels du Mozambique

Abstract : The research work herein addresses the issue of training teachers of FFL for Mozambique secondary schools. Mozambique, like most countries in Africa is characterized by the presence of multiple languages (20 languages of African origin are listed) shared by different ethnic groups integrate in their daily communication. The objective of this research is to understand the context in which the training of Mozambican teachers unfolds. In this perspective we relied on the current approaches to teacher training and the development of research in the field of teaching foreign languages and French in particular. In this work we analyze the linguistic and cultural origin of future teachers of FFL and its involvement in the educational process and training of French culture. We seek in this case to realize to what extent the multilingualism of students influences the formation in French. Then we analyze the perception of students from their own culture and its involvement in the understanding and representation of the target culture (the one linked to the French language). In other words, is the intercultural game or multiculturalism and multiplicity of languages in contact that interested us in order to understand the manifestation of these two concepts in the classroom where they are students who have different languages and cultures and that all aim to learn and train in a new language and also appropriating culture related to it. To this end, we developed a questionnaire that was distributed in 600 copies in four Mozambican cities where there is training of French teachers. One of the results obtained from the analysis of the 422 questionnaires that have been sent back by the students is that the national languages are often used during training in the classroom and this influences the practice of language learning. Another result indicates that the differences between the culture of the students and the French or Francophone culture is taken as a positive aspect for the students, but in some cases, these differences demonstrate the existence of stereotypes and representations. These differences cause cultural shocks that can fool the students in the look they have on the Other (native French or Francophone).
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Aniceto Mapfala. La formation des enseignants de Français Langue Etrangère à l'université dans les contextes plurilingues et multiculturels du Mozambique. Education. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE2071⟩. ⟨tel-01433097⟩

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