Une stratégie d’éducation à l’environnement et au développement durable au Burkina Faso : les ateliers d’éducation à l’éthique éco-citoyenne (A3E) à Markoye

Abstract : This thesis belongs to the science of education, more specifically to the psychology of learning and pedagogy. It draws on the works of psychologists, philosophers and pedagogues: Jacques Lévine (2008), Philippe Meirieu (2009), Lucie Sauvé, (2003), extending the earlier developed theories of John Dewey (1925), Henri Wallon (1942), and even Lev Vygotski (1926). Following their examples, this thesis analyses the conditions and strategies required for initiating a learning process for developing in the child-subject a generative thinking of responsible action. In fact, one of the major efforts of current education is to promote values, behaviour and attitudes with a view to create a more viable, liveable and solidary world for the present as well as for future generations. The complexity of questions raised by such educative expectations again require research, within each of these domains, of the most pertinent and adapted modalities. These interrogations have led to formulation of the following question as point of departure: In a country where acculturation and enclosure of the child-subject still pervade in school, how could his or her emancipation be promoted in order to best prepare him or her to become an eco-citizen?Thus, based on experiments in the specific context of Burkina Faso, by means of Eco-citizen ethical education (3E) workshops, the present thesis demonstrates the need to construct a reflective thinking by the child-subject, which is fundamental from a change and behaviour perspective.The results of this research conducted at Markoye show that, in spite of the strongly ingrained repetitive and directive teaching practices, inherited from the colonial era, the education agents in the burkinabé school system are open to pedagogical innovations, under certain conditions. The methodology as conceived and tested applies, inter alia, an approach of transforming pedagogical practices so that there is a much more effective emancipation of future eco-citizens. The framework in which this is implemented favours, because it is interactive, dialogic, and cooperative, an awakening of reflective thinking and desire in the child-subject to freely engage him/herself by adopting new and in adopting new and more responsible behaviours in relation to EESD.
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Evariste Yogo. Une stratégie d’éducation à l’environnement et au développement durable au Burkina Faso : les ateliers d’éducation à l’éthique éco-citoyenne (A3E) à Markoye. Education. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE2096⟩. ⟨tel-01430598⟩

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