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Approche transculturelle comparée des apprentissages psycho-éducatifs et de l’usage des discours de résilience auprès d’adolescents victimes de maltraitances : le cas de Jean en Guyane et de Marie en Métropole

Abstract : Our thesis explores and analyses the psychosocial and school situation of teenager victims of abuse in the context of a comparative approach between continental France and French Guyana. We studied how the psycho-educational learnings and the use of resilience speeches be involved as therapeutic treatment for these victims, while considering the cross-cultural dimension (including the impact of slavery in French Guyana, which is still on today ). With regard to our approach, our results enabled us to develop the common factors (ability of safe attachment to the relationship, ability to get the support from others, ability to have personal and/or collective goals, feeling of self-managing their emotions and affects, ability to put words, to make sense, to define possible choices, to use humour, etc.) that corroborate the consensus of the most imminent researchers on the very issue of the resilience process. In light of our results, the psycho-educational learnings and various types of speeches contribute to being critical protective factors, allowing the subject to resist the trauma and to run a therapeutic approach towards the process of resilience. The uniqueness of our research, that is part of a not investigated yet dimension, could open preventive tracks to improve practice and care, and, therefore, promote the resilience of both the individuals, who need to be accompanied, and the community, given the traumatic events experienced in Guyana, especially considering the printed marks left by slavery.
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Nicolas Sajus. Approche transculturelle comparée des apprentissages psycho-éducatifs et de l’usage des discours de résilience auprès d’adolescents victimes de maltraitances : le cas de Jean en Guyane et de Marie en Métropole. Education. Université de Guyane, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016YANE0002⟩. ⟨tel-01430025⟩

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