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Theses

Fusion d'images multimodales pour la caractérisation du cancer de la prostate

Abstract : This thesis concerns the prostate cancer characterization based on multimodal imaging data. The purpose is to identify and characterize the tumors using in-vivo observations including mMRI and PET/CT, with a biological reference obtained from anatomopathological analysis of radical prostatectomy specimen providing histological slices. Firstly, we propose two registration methods to match the multimodal images in the the spatial reference defined by MRI. The first algorithm aims at aligning PET/CT images with MRI by combining contours information and presence probability of the prostate. The objective of the second is to register the histological slices with the MRI. Based on the Stanford protocol, a thinner cutting of the radical prostatectomy specimen is done providing more slices compared to clinical routine. The correspondance between histological and MRI slices is then estimated using a combination of the prior information of the slicing and salient points (SURF) extracted in both modalities. This initialization step allows for an affine and non-rigid registration based on mutual information and intraprostatic structures distance map. Secondly, structural (Haar, Garbor, etc) and functional (Ktrans, Kep, SUV, TLG, etc) descriptors are extracted for each prostate voxel over MRI and PET images. Corresponding biological labels obtained from the anatomopathological analysis are associated to the features vectors. The biological labels are composed by the Gleason score providing an information of aggressiveness and immunohistochemistry grades providing a quantification of biological process such as hypoxia and cell growth. Finally, these pairs (features vectors/biological information) are used as training data to build RF and SVM classifiers to characterize tumors from new in-vivo observations. In this work, we perform a feasibility study with nine patients.
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Frédéric Commandeur. Fusion d'images multimodales pour la caractérisation du cancer de la prostate. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université Rennes 1, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016REN1S038⟩. ⟨tel-01427734⟩

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