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Pour une meilleure intégration des Observatoires Photographiques du Paysage dans la gouvernance territoriale (exemple de la région Bretagne)

Abstract : In response to legal incentives and social expectations, the reinforcement of the landscape dimension in territorialgovernance is undeniable, in light of the growing number of landscape projects, atlases, plans and charters. Alongsideother tools, an increasing number of photographic landscape observatories have been emerging in Europe andparticularly in France over the past twenty years. These observatories however are struggling to become legitimised bylocal councillors, experts, land designers and land managers, notably based on the fact that these observatories aredifficult to exploit, both due to access difficulties and method-related issues.Based on a foundation of social geography, this thesis examines photographic landscape observatories from threepoints of view: (i) their potential to enrich knowledge of landscape dynamics and social representations of localstakeholders, (ii) their capacity to interact with territorial documents, (iii) their ability to act as mediation aids betweenlocal stakeholders for land development projects.The research work was carried out in the French region of Brittany, where fifteen local organisations host a photographiclandscape observatory (or OPP). Through a chosen corpus, various methods were tested and could be used for crossingdifferent types of analysis: descriptive analysis of the observatory's visual content, discourse analysis of localstakeholders from individual interviews, comparative analysis between observatories and territorial documents. With aview to action research, collaborative work with local OPPs has led to the creation of a computer platform dubbed POPPBreizh.This platform provides solutions to make OPPs accessible and usable.Finally, this research assessed the capacity of OPPs to meet current societal and scientific challenges relating to thelandscape in order to develop recommendations to enable OPPs to become archives integrated within territorialgovernance.
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Caroline Guittet. Pour une meilleure intégration des Observatoires Photographiques du Paysage dans la gouvernance territoriale (exemple de la région Bretagne). Biodiversité et Ecologie. Université Rennes 2, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016REN20033⟩. ⟨tel-01426376⟩

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