Vers une redéfinition de l'acte médical

Abstract : Saying that the « medical law is centered on the medical act », dean Savatier was suggesting that this act « specific to the medical practitioner, has to be defined by the jurist. » Thus, the juridical literature has debated on this notion. It has be defined thanks to three elements : the author — the physician —, the technique used and the aim pursued. Theses elements aren’t so convincing : the author seems to be an element of the legal regime, the technique isn’t so easy to define and the aims are evolving fast. That is why a new definition has been created in this thesis, distinguishing in the notion the medical acts on the person’s body. Defining the medical act as the act taught at the faculty of medicine, we establish a classification of the professionals allowed to perform medical acts. This classification relies on their ability to diagnose and to act autonomously. Concerning the acts on the person’s body, we show that the « medical necessity » used by the article 16-3 of the french civil code is an unfair representation of the actual mechanism. This mechanism relies on the general autorisation of the therapeutic acts and add exception for the non therapeutic acts. Theses exceptions allows us to classify such acts. A theory based on the medical act allows us to make a clear distinction between the professionals allowed to perform medical acts and to solve the insecurity caused by the fussy notion of the « medical necessity ».
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Clément Cousin. Vers une redéfinition de l'acte médical. Droit. Université Rennes 1, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016REN1G017⟩. ⟨tel-01425982v3⟩

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