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Development of a quasi-classical method and application to the infrared spectroscopy

Abstract : Simulation of time-dependent quantities for quantum systems is limited by the exponential scaling of exact methods. However, the calculation of these quantities is key in many problems. A reasonable compromise among accuracy and cost is done by the quasi-classical methods for computing time correlation functions. In these methods, the thermal density is combined with trajectories that approximate quantum dynamics. In my thesis, I develop and apply quasi-classical methods for vibrational spectroscopy. The focus is on the Phase Integration Method. PIM is based on combining MD and MC algorithms to compute appropriate quantities. Chapter 2 is devoted to a general description of the quasi-classical methods. We introduce the different approximations used to compute quantum time correlation functions. Chapter 3 illustrates how PIM is adapted to the calculation of the Wigner density, which is a key quantity in quasi-classical methods. Via this quantity, we show that PIM is able to capture quantum correlation effects among different degrees of freedom. Chapter 4 focuses on the adaptation of PIM for the infrared spectroscopy. Comparison of our results, show that PIM is accurate for low dimensional models. OH and CH4 spectrum confirms that our approach does not suffer from the pathologies such as CMD and RPMD but also that it can treat systems with a larger number of degrees of freedom reliably. Chapter 5 presents the methodology used to calculate rate constants with PIM. The results are in good agreement with the exact reference until 300 K. Future work will focus on using the Kubo flux side correlation function.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 4, 2017 - 9:55:06 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01425979, version 1


Julien Beutier. Development of a quasi-classical method and application to the infrared spectroscopy. Chemical Physics [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066207⟩. ⟨tel-01425979⟩



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