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Theses

La question de la question d'énergie dans les logements sociaux réhabilités. Pratiques et identité

Abstract : This thesis aims to answer the following question: In a context integrating similar technical characteristics favorable to a reduction or moderation of household energy consumption, within a rental social housing project that was recently the object of a thermal rehabilitation program, do all the individuals display similar energy practices, and what are the explanatory factors for these practices and their differences, if any? Firstly, considering that energy is not consumed for itself but for producing a service by means of the consumption of various energy generating goods, we identified the household’s practices by introducing a classification of these practices according to whether they lead to an increase or to a reduction in consumption. Regarding practices of equipment acquisition and their use, we also have identified practices involving third parties as well as alternative practices leading to a reduction in consumption. Secondly, we identified various factors underlying these practices which we were able to group into four different categories among which identity appears as an integrating factor playing a key role. On these bases, we established a profile for each individual, showing a certain alignment of the characteristics that are either favorable or unfavorable to reduced consumption. Thirdly, we observed similarities between the profiles, weakly correlated with the usual statistical classifications, from which we have extrapolated four truly different types. These strong differences between individuals’ profiles, whose identity constitutes the pivot,highlights the importance of their consideration in an operational perspective. The thesis questions the pattern of consumption and life in our society and opens perspectives towards the consolidation of energy efficiency, towards moderation in equipment use, and towards the enrichment of relational social identities.
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Patricia Roques. La question de la question d'énergie dans les logements sociaux réhabilités. Pratiques et identité. Gestion et management. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016NICE0013⟩. ⟨tel-01424234⟩

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